WASTE TIRES AND INNOVATION

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                   Figure. Creative use of Waste Tire by TGG Mentees Batch -II under Mentor                                                                    Anil Chitrakar 

                           Ever wondered about the tires which are no longer roadworthy after they are used? They are stockpiled, dumped in landfills, or just thrown away on roadsides. This linear product use approach results in a massive waste.

              Tires, whether it is electric, solar powered, gasoline, or hydrogen fueled vehicle, are indispensable components for the transportation industry. Scrap tires have potential to harm local environments and negatively affect human health. The most common problems associated with waste tires are open air fires and the creation of breeding ground for rodents and mosquitoes. It’s bad but it’s a fact. According to The Freedonia Group Report it is estimated that the world demand for tires is forecast to rise 4.7 percent per year through 2015 to 3.3 billion units, approximately same amount of tires are disposed of every year and almost 20% of them are illegally dumped in landfills, or just thrown away on roadsides.

              Is this the end of the story? No, a these approaches can ultimately lead towards right environmental choice and would also make good financial sense.

Circular Economy

              The alternative to the growing waste concerns is to develop a circular economy which goes much further than recycling and there is a strong business case for development. Building recycling industries to recover, recycle and process the waste tires – with the focus on the reduce and reuse principles, unemployed people can find gainful employment, SMEs can be developed and, the environmental disaster that waste tires represent can be economically and effectively addressed. Analysis by McKinsey estimates that shifting in this direction of circular economy model could add $1-trillion to the global economy by 2025 and create 100 000 new jobs within the next five years. It’s worth it!

Energy

              A normal used passenger car tire weighs 7.2 kg; it contains at least 238 MJ of thermal energy, which can be useful in some dedicated facilities. In thermoelectric plants, tires are fed into the hearth without any pre-treatment or slicing. This process is an economically viable alternative for used tires that cannot be effectively retreaded, generating a large amount of by-products. Each ton of input (as tires) generates 287 kg of solid residue made of zinc oxide, ferrous slag and gypsum, each with a well-defined market. The use of old tires as fuel has the advantage that it does not generate any waste beyond what is usually generated by a standard cement production process. Sliced tires can be fed into the kiln with the other raw materials. The energy in the rubber provides the heat while the combustion residues are incorporated in the cement without compromising the product’s quality. The ferrous material from the steel wire partially substitutes the large quantities of iron ore used in cement production. Several fuels are used in a cement plants including coal, natural gas and oil. The rubber may provide roughly 20% of the heat required in the kiln, generally at a lower cost than the other fuels. The high temperature of combustion, around 1400°C, under appropriate supply of oxygen, ensures complete burnout of the organic material.

Construction Applications

              Rubberized asphalt is an alternative to traditional paving material that combines the strength and versatility of asphalt and the longevity and flexibility of recycled rubber. Derived from scrap tires, the material is said to be longer lasting, safer, less costly and friendlier to the environment than traditional paving materials.

              Scrap tires can be processed into ground rubber to modify asphalt thereby creating rubberized asphalt and rubber asphalt concrete. Asphalt companies buy large quantities of shredded rubber crumbs to mix with their hot melt asphalt to make pavements cheaper. Other road construction companies purchase large quantities of medium sized shredder tires to use in road beds for minimizing vibrations and for highway sound barriers. Rubberized asphalt is not just sustainable, but actually better than the traditional alternative, better in every way.

              Old tires can be used in barriers such as collision reduction, erosion control, rainwater runoff, wave action that protects piers and marshes. With a blend of art and engineering, the civil engineering applications of waste tires are emerging.

Re-Purpose

              We can use old tires in child’s play areas. They’re great for setting up an obstacle course or making a sandbox or a tire swing. Tire mulch is also sold as padding for children’s playground. We can make soles for shoes or even entire pairs of flip-flops. We can make livestock feeders or pet house out of old tires. Used tires can be transformed into furniture with a little pie of skill and imagination. Since tires are black and they retain the heat from the sun easily, you can use them in your garden for growing your plants earlier. Basically, you can grow plants and veggies in tires earlier than in the ground. This trick works great with those species that require more warmth. You can make an outdoor storage bin using old tires secured together with some plywood and painted in your favorite color. Old tires can be transformed into a cool coffee table or other cool pieces of furniture. Just dive, there’s a world of thing you can do. Re- think!              

              It has been years since we dumped the opportunities for business through valuation of the waste. But, an era is evolving to turn the wastes in every bin into something really spectacular and create value. It is a new shift in the resource management approach, a transition to the unexplored territory and it provides battle against the traditional inertia of waste management. This is the way towards sustainable economies and eco-innovation, and can drive development across the board. This benefits all of us.

About the authors:

Bipin Karki is a graduate student of Renewable and Clean Energy at University of Dayton, and Former TGG Mentee at WWF Nepal (carried out project to reuse tires). He can be reached at bpn_krk@hotmail.com

Bishnu Parajuli is a undergraduate student of Industrial Engineering at Institute of Engineering, Thapathali Campus and the President of Society of Industrial Engineering Students – Nepal. He can be reached bishnu.parajuli13@gmail.com.

As Published in : http://www.sajhapost.com/2017/01/11/58081.html

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Reflecting Back to Mentorship: Six months under Guidance

 

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                                The world is changing relatively faster than expected. The growing market of job is competitive and full of talent, where failing once means losing your job. The professional life is tough already, and its graph is increasing day by day. There are hundreds of professional coming out yearly with honed skills, talents and world life exposure. You cannot be left behind bewildering other progress.

                          Traditionally, the best way to learn was to find better master and be his/her apprentice. The evolving education system changed everything developing systematic progress of student to professional life. That does not mean need of mentorship/apprenticeship is bygone things. Still mentorship is considered best way to sharpening skills before you fail or simply learning by others failure. Your life is too short to fail on every step and learn from failure.

                           I got chance to be part of WWF Nepal The Generation Green Mentorship Program Batch 2 under mentor Anil Chitrakar (Social Entrepreneur). Along with me six others participated on this journey of six months. The main idea was to work one various creative project related to environment conservation, renewable energy use, 3R principle, wildlife conservation, and other several creative solutions. As we came from different background of study, it was hard for us to manage time for meeting and finalize our idea.

                    We were lacking confidence even we had ideas in mind, that’s where mentor guided us. He showed us light beyond tunnel and believed in our ideas. Every idea will work if you have courage to pursue them. These words still echo my ear and motivate me daily. Instead of focusing on single idea we tried cluster of idea as we had limited time of 6 months, so our ending point of idea would be starting point for upcoming groups.

                                 The main objective of our project was to establish a culture with a system of recycling, reusing and reducing of waste (food, plastic, paper, rubber & water). The basic task was to help in the conversion of low – end input waste into high value output. We helped to facilitate and bridge gap between waste utilizing institutions by innovative alternatives to appropriate potential market by designing ergonomically viable products as such:

1. Reusing Rubber Tire by Giving Aesthetic Values for Parks, Schools and Communal area.

                       The tire has been real issue as it cannot be recycled (economically at low scale in country like Nepal) or reduced but can only be re-used. We had re-used tire by integrating them into environment. They were used as flower pots for large plants, swings in garden or home, decoration by giving colors. We identified certain schools formed Eco-Clubs or youth clubs with whom we worked so that the sustainability of the project will not be an issue if local young people will take care of it.

Figure. Tire Gardening at Shree Janajyoti Secondary School, Banepa 

Figure. Tire Gardening and Orientation at Sainik School, Pokhara 

Figure.  Tire Gardening and Orientation at Ratna Rajya School, Kathmandu

2. Advocated use of recycled Plastic Bags into Ropes or Fibers for Agricultural Support:

                        We helped to recycle/reuse plastic bags as rope and it was provided as sample to farmers. This was done through the re-use of plastic bags by making ropes or fibers from them. The ropes can be used for making various green house, support for vegetable growth, building birdcage, temporary shelter and even making fences. The high strength plastic rope and fibers will come in handy for farmers for daily use.

3. Encouraging institutions for Creative use of Paper:

                     Paper is widely used for various purposes like printing records, brochures and leaflets. Reduce use of paper, printing on both sides of paper and promotion of e-communication was encouraged. On joint collaboration with Women’s Dream Multipurpose Ltd we made pencil out of sample old newspaper and encouraged such initiatives from other organizations.

Figure. Training and Sample Old Newspaper Pencil, Kathmandu

 4. Rain Water Harvesting

                         Due to ongoing water crisis and larger number of family residing in small houses, it was very difficult to fulfill the water need in household use. So, being a researcher in watershed management, Mr. Laxman Shrestha had constructed a very simple yet a very effective way to use the rainwater. We conducted interview to share his noble idea for public use.

Figure. Mentees interviewing Mr. Laxman Shrestha about Rain Water Harvesting 

THE LESSONS

                         Indeed six months mentorship has been great journey of my life. We were able to work on ideas generated by us. We could see transformation on ourselves as well as we felt that our activities made some level of contribution and influence on society. We were lucky enough to travel various parts of Nepal. We made lifetime friends and created memory. Plus we learnt about professionalism, discipline, time management and respect of fellow team member.

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Figure. The TEAM (YOUTH FOR CHANGE NEPAL)

                  I would like to provide note of thanks for Mr. Anil Chitrakar (Mentor), Ms. Shikha Gurung (WWF Nepal) and Mr. Dipesh Gurung (ECCA Nepal). It was pleasure to work with you guys: Anisha Adhikari (MBA), Bina Kharel (MBA), Nabina Gurung (Developmental Study), Senha Shakya (Engineer + MBA), Subina Shrestha (Developmental Study) and Sunwi Maskey (Environmental Study). Cheers!!!

Figure. Team Member Briefing About Project Impacts and Progress

Figure. Closing of Program. Team Member with Amrit Gurung 

Media Coverage: We are glad our work was shared on online (Glocal Khabar) and print (MyRepublica) media. Please follow link for more information.

Glocal Khabar: Old Tire Gardening By Youth For Change Nepal 

My Republica:The Generation Green: Teaching youth about nature, conservation and more

Youth in Solid Waste Management : One day Empowerment Training

                           April 2 2016, Youths are slowing not only evolving as leaders of tomorrow but in various participatory level representing others like them or raising voice for self. The youths have greatest population in Nepal as compared to other children and old people. So there involvement is necessary in each and every level. Solid waste is no new topic in Nepal while millions of rupees are expended from central level to regular fee submitted to local waste mangers still problem of mismanagement continues. There is hierarchal problem from local to highest level authorities.

                           The Nepal Science Olympiad in association with SWMTSC & MoFALD and other organization conduct first kind of one day empowerment seminar on solid waste management targeting youth. As youth can change self the way they view life, and bring changes on perception on people’s life. They will not only change self behavior but will also act to bring changes in their house to society. The experts provided wonderful sessions with great interaction among audience. The major highlight of seminar are:

 Ice Breaker Documentary – Smoke

                                   The documentary entails growing concerns generated by increment of smoke. The negative impacts brought up by smoking cigarettes, burning hays, wastes of home, smoke from industry and factories and other source on human healths. The Maha Jodi were at best providing fun as well as wonderful message which was quite engaging to audience.

Introduction to Solid waste and its management

                                   The session explained about what is solid waste. What are the sources of air pollution? (waste burning, cooking, vehicles, brick klin). Types of pollutants: Gaseous and Particulate. Three types of participatory as such Interested on research of waste, Interested on Entrepreneurship development via waste, Interested on fulfilling responsibility in waste management. The various process of segregation of waste as biodegradable and non-biodegradable were discussed. Accordingly various ways for their management and changing into usable solution were provided. The importance of 3R was emphasized.

Solid Waste Management and Works done by SWMTSC & MoFALD

                        The sessions highlighted about less generation of waste. The works done by various municipalities for waste management was discussed. The various initiative taken by SWMTSC & MoFALD to combat waste and waste management was shared among audience. The use of various bins for composting, separation of waste for their end value generation kept all engaging in event.

Zero Waste Concept

                        The session talked about new approach of waste handling and resource management. The waste handling ways like dumping, centralized mixed waste composting, burning, landfilling was criticized for their inefficient waste handling ways.The 3E (Efficiency, Economy & Ethics) and 5R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Repair & Reject) were discussed in details. The initiative about clean Himalayas from Ladkha to Bhutan was provided.

Vermi – Composting

                         The session provided details about vermi composting. The use of various types of earthworm for composting was provided. The various process about vermi composting was provided along with in hand learning. The session was very fruitful as it provided impromptu ways for vermi composting.

My Learning

        I learned waste is not waste until it is wasted. There are very genius ways of generation of values of waste. Waste management can be encouraged as business. Not only government institutions but also private organization be part of waste management. Simple logic and creativity can bring alot of change waste management in home. The change has to start and it must be from self. I pledge for my active participation for waste management in home as well as my community.

                        Thank you Nepal Science Olympiad and SWMTSC & MoFALD for providing such wonderful opportunity to be in the event and learn a lot of things about solid waste and solid waste management.

Location: Pragya Bhawan, Kamaladi, Kathmandu

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For more information visit: Nepal Science Olympiad 

The Old Tire Gardening Project : A shift in Trend

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                         Ratna Rajya Higher Secondary school, located in midst of new and old Baneshwor is changing its chaotic environment with plants planted on beautified tires. The school humming with students all over its complex, also housing many temples within premises was perfect location to show case our initiative, so that public could see and learn values of old tires. This was planned as per proposal submission and earlier site visits so we could increase our reach to greater mass.

                                  This was last chance to showcase our activities of old tire gardening and awareness initiative as men-tees and maiden within Kathmandu valley. We were always trying to do things differently. As we matured as professional in tire gardening, side wise we wanted to train youths form school so we requested four volunteers from school which principal mam accepted graciously. We managed to include four volunteers with equal male and female participation. The major task to include volunteers was to train, nurture and give them hands on learning so they will be able to implement similar concept in other location in future and will help in sustainability of project in school.

                                    The tires were carried from Balaju area to Baneshwor. The team lead for this project was done by Bina Kharel. The space constrained pushed us to reduce tire to twenty five. The event started with as usual by washing of tire, drying them up. In between we went for plants in nearby nursery. As we had restriction of mud so we had to purchase to fill old tire vase.

                                 Once tire were dried, they were painted by team member as well as volunteers. At later hours, the event was attended by Mr. Dipesh Gurung form ECCA Nepal. The event was co-ordinated and effectively handled by all team mates. We really took lead, connected dots and came as single one who were desperately trying to generate values out of waste. On parallel event with tire gardening Subina (Our Team Lead) gave well articulated presentation which was hugely praised by great round of applause. Finally it was a day well spent by all members.

Tour de Pokhara: A journey of Pioneering

                             The holiday tours and travel Pvt. Ltd. Had four passenger who were on mission trip to Pokhara. Slowly parting from chaos, hustle & bustle, pollution of overly populated Kathmandu valley, bumping through pot holes of Prthivi Highway. Finally landed on serene, vibrant city of western Nepal, Pokhara (the city of lakes, temples with smiling mountains on outskirts). We had limited and tight schedule to follow up.

                         We, were staying at Damside near Tourist bus park. The plan was to re-unite with rest of team members who were already on the town. The main factor which brought here was TGG Mentorship program under mentorship of Social Entrepreneur Anil Chitrakar as part of it we were innovatively implementing and generating values out of waste (paper, plastic, water and food). The idea was to conduct orientation program about how can we use each waste into values by creative way like using waste paper for making pencil, rain water harvesting, waste food utilization in piggery business, waste plastic into ropes. And to provide hands on experience for old tire gardening to students, so they can replicate it further.

                          Sainik Awasiya Mahavidyala, already a vibrant school with large surrounding area would be ideal place for old tire gardening. The school authority along with army personnel really welcomed our purposal, a bit of hard works for getting them understand actually what we wanna build up. The gardeners and care taker actively joined hand with us. Along some army volunteered for carrying tires around school premises.

                     The old tires were initially washed with detergent powder and rubbed with clothes, so stains and mud would be washed off revealing clean surface. The washed tires are dried up on sun. Once tire dries up they are painted with several colors giving artistic and aesthetic values. As generally we make minions at gate, the concept is spreading and going viral as “ The Minion Effect”.

                             Personally, I had never encountered such curious and overwhelming students, so do team. Every passerby from junior students to senior students, teachers and army personnel were asking what we really were doing. Like teachers who were skeptical earlier day, even complained how ugly their compound would look after placing shabby tires. But they were amazed when they saw such appealing old painted tires. Many thought how cool, innovative idea it was. They were shocked to hear price of old tires, which is relative cheap then traditional flower vases based on mud and concrete. They thought of doing similar gardening at their homes, gossip like this was audible despite we were continuously working in creating values. Those smiles on face reflected their sense of satisfaction as entirely built section of old tire garden was ready welcome plants.

                             The orientation cum workshop incorporated various aspected of waste management as discussed above. The sixty enthusiastic student, environment science teachers, principal, vice-principal, other staffs actively participated in orientation. Our team leader made so loud and clear presentation of our activities. The program ended with question and answer session which was more effective and articulated as student and teachers pin pointed their curiously which was efficiently addressed. The paper pencil, paper bags were distributed among students. The paper pencil really proved to logical way to re-use waste paper. The school principal was positive about starting to make such pencil as they have lots of newspaper and exam papers. We thought this was really impressive and our action is really bringing change.

                          Finally plantation was carried out with participation of men-tees, teachers, army major, students and staff’s in all tire vases. The school administration were so glad to have us even they purposed to furnish whole compound with tire gardening. As we had limited time and budget for expenses we could not stay for longer duration. The two day ended with lots of travel, hard work, interaction with new and intelligent people, and we felt like really we did something to cheer up. The late evening cycling around lake side, Devis fall provided a sense of relief and satisfaction after hard work completed successfully.

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The TEAM

Word of Thanks

                         There are lots of people behind scene without whose help this was not possible to make happen. Sincere thanks for Senha Father for arranging residence and travel for first day. Thank you Col. Umesh Karki for arranging second day of travel with army jeeps and bus. Thank you hostel dai for cooking us so delicious food and showing around maps and direction. Thank you Sunwi Maskey who was able to make such hectic and continuous travel, despite exams, we really are glad to have you in team. Thank you Meghana who solely made travel on her own expenses to be with us. Last but not least we evolved as good team, respecting, laughing and working together, whose combine efforts made this event really “the grand Success”.

Cheers Mates.

Harbinger of Old Tire Re-use Project and Waste Value Generation

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Shree Jana Jyoti Secondary School, the model school typically located in mid-way from Sangha an Banepa with curious student and helpful faculties. This was first school where we wanted to implement our old tire gardening concept. ECCA facilitated and provided connection to school authority from where we took the lead, we first visited and inspected the site. We got very warm and positive response from school administration which further motivated us in our cause.

Initially we were planning to look after nearby workshop for old tires but could not materilize as size we were looking for gardening had to be of medium one. As school is located in highway so there was availiability of only large tires. The transportation of tire was a bit hectic and costly, as we had to take it from Kathmandu. But we managed to take it at reasonable rate despite acute fuel shortage.

Everything was well planned and co-ordinated beforehand. We departed at 6:30 am from Balaju area, picked up all members and volunteers from Industrial Engineering Student Society. (Bishnu Parajuli, Pradip Bista, Kshitz ). We reached school around 8:00 am in school premises. The energy and enthusiam kept us warm despite severe cold. We started washing tires, as water tank was on roof of school building it was hard to blow through mouth to pipe it out.(Nepali way) It took nearly a hour for washing tires, which were neat and clean by then.

This was challenge for all of us, as we really wanted to make whole this event neat and clean. After breakfast at nearby Cafe (which was amazing Bread Toast with Kuwa followed by Coffee), we inspected sites for placing tires. The stacked tires were supposed to placed around compound of school where as single tire was to be placed on roof top as roof top gardening.

The tires were artistically painted and dried up in sun. The stacked tire were tied up together by using gavinized iron wires, so that would not allow movement of upper tires with respect to lower one. We, along with student mixed up soil, ash, organic manure to make fillings for tire vase. As there was nursurey nearby owned by one of committee member of school, he provided perinial, seasonal and indoor plants at subsized rate.

 

The athestically appealing painted tires were placed in various locations like in the rooftops, main gate ways, pheriphery of school. The tire garden not only generated value out of old tires but also pioneered/innovated re-purposing of same generating economic as well as environmnetal values. The process helped us to concrete ideas, and provided opportunity for learning and sharing. The members co-ordinated well with volunteer. In meantime volunteers reflected true and self less volunteerism for generating meaningful result.

About Volunteers

Three enthusiatic and hard working volunteer from industrial engineering society participated in the event. They were 2nd year student from Institute of Engineering, Thapathali Campus. We were so grateful to have them in the team.

Members Learning

Me, Sneha and Sunwi (TGG Mentees Under Mentorship of Anil Chitrakar) co-ordinated all activities. It was fun filled, equally challenging task with arduous manual labor. We learned about team co-ordination, role distribution, to give order & take orders, technicality involved in plantation like mixing of organic manure, ash, mud & information about various plant species, and their requirement for growth.

Benefits and Outcome

  • Positive vibes among school teachers, staffs and students with some different approach of gardening at school
  • Hands on learning for student and student participation in program boosted student morale for consversation and sustainability
  • School authority were glad to introduce unique gardening in school, new in the concept eqaully a logical solution to illogical problem
  • Management, Re-purposing of 4o tires somewhat helped in Carbon management in low scale
  • Plantation of flowers, plants increased greenery and environmental promotion to some extent
  • Inception and pioneering of tire gardening, begining of new era of approach for reuse, repurposing of old tires in Nepal

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    Note of Thanks

    Thank you ECCA for providing contact information and co-ordinating with school authority. Mr. Sadhu Ram Dahal (Principal), Nabaharaj Acharya (Chairperson),Vice-Principal, school committee, teachers, non-teaching staff (Didi and her son) , students worked along with us. We are in debt for their contribution, words are not enough for providing appreciation. And volunteers for their time and effort. The nursery owner for providing plants in so cheap rate as compared to market. And Cheers to team member for their dedication, hardwork and passionate work to make this happen.