WASTE TIRES AND INNOVATION

waste-tire-and-innovation

                   Figure. Creative use of Waste Tire by TGG Mentees Batch -II under Mentor                                                                    Anil Chitrakar 

                           Ever wondered about the tires which are no longer roadworthy after they are used? They are stockpiled, dumped in landfills, or just thrown away on roadsides. This linear product use approach results in a massive waste.

              Tires, whether it is electric, solar powered, gasoline, or hydrogen fueled vehicle, are indispensable components for the transportation industry. Scrap tires have potential to harm local environments and negatively affect human health. The most common problems associated with waste tires are open air fires and the creation of breeding ground for rodents and mosquitoes. It’s bad but it’s a fact. According to The Freedonia Group Report it is estimated that the world demand for tires is forecast to rise 4.7 percent per year through 2015 to 3.3 billion units, approximately same amount of tires are disposed of every year and almost 20% of them are illegally dumped in landfills, or just thrown away on roadsides.

              Is this the end of the story? No, a these approaches can ultimately lead towards right environmental choice and would also make good financial sense.

Circular Economy

              The alternative to the growing waste concerns is to develop a circular economy which goes much further than recycling and there is a strong business case for development. Building recycling industries to recover, recycle and process the waste tires – with the focus on the reduce and reuse principles, unemployed people can find gainful employment, SMEs can be developed and, the environmental disaster that waste tires represent can be economically and effectively addressed. Analysis by McKinsey estimates that shifting in this direction of circular economy model could add $1-trillion to the global economy by 2025 and create 100 000 new jobs within the next five years. It’s worth it!

Energy

              A normal used passenger car tire weighs 7.2 kg; it contains at least 238 MJ of thermal energy, which can be useful in some dedicated facilities. In thermoelectric plants, tires are fed into the hearth without any pre-treatment or slicing. This process is an economically viable alternative for used tires that cannot be effectively retreaded, generating a large amount of by-products. Each ton of input (as tires) generates 287 kg of solid residue made of zinc oxide, ferrous slag and gypsum, each with a well-defined market. The use of old tires as fuel has the advantage that it does not generate any waste beyond what is usually generated by a standard cement production process. Sliced tires can be fed into the kiln with the other raw materials. The energy in the rubber provides the heat while the combustion residues are incorporated in the cement without compromising the product’s quality. The ferrous material from the steel wire partially substitutes the large quantities of iron ore used in cement production. Several fuels are used in a cement plants including coal, natural gas and oil. The rubber may provide roughly 20% of the heat required in the kiln, generally at a lower cost than the other fuels. The high temperature of combustion, around 1400°C, under appropriate supply of oxygen, ensures complete burnout of the organic material.

Construction Applications

              Rubberized asphalt is an alternative to traditional paving material that combines the strength and versatility of asphalt and the longevity and flexibility of recycled rubber. Derived from scrap tires, the material is said to be longer lasting, safer, less costly and friendlier to the environment than traditional paving materials.

              Scrap tires can be processed into ground rubber to modify asphalt thereby creating rubberized asphalt and rubber asphalt concrete. Asphalt companies buy large quantities of shredded rubber crumbs to mix with their hot melt asphalt to make pavements cheaper. Other road construction companies purchase large quantities of medium sized shredder tires to use in road beds for minimizing vibrations and for highway sound barriers. Rubberized asphalt is not just sustainable, but actually better than the traditional alternative, better in every way.

              Old tires can be used in barriers such as collision reduction, erosion control, rainwater runoff, wave action that protects piers and marshes. With a blend of art and engineering, the civil engineering applications of waste tires are emerging.

Re-Purpose

              We can use old tires in child’s play areas. They’re great for setting up an obstacle course or making a sandbox or a tire swing. Tire mulch is also sold as padding for children’s playground. We can make soles for shoes or even entire pairs of flip-flops. We can make livestock feeders or pet house out of old tires. Used tires can be transformed into furniture with a little pie of skill and imagination. Since tires are black and they retain the heat from the sun easily, you can use them in your garden for growing your plants earlier. Basically, you can grow plants and veggies in tires earlier than in the ground. This trick works great with those species that require more warmth. You can make an outdoor storage bin using old tires secured together with some plywood and painted in your favorite color. Old tires can be transformed into a cool coffee table or other cool pieces of furniture. Just dive, there’s a world of thing you can do. Re- think!              

              It has been years since we dumped the opportunities for business through valuation of the waste. But, an era is evolving to turn the wastes in every bin into something really spectacular and create value. It is a new shift in the resource management approach, a transition to the unexplored territory and it provides battle against the traditional inertia of waste management. This is the way towards sustainable economies and eco-innovation, and can drive development across the board. This benefits all of us.

About the authors:

Bipin Karki is a graduate student of Renewable and Clean Energy at University of Dayton, and Former TGG Mentee at WWF Nepal (carried out project to reuse tires). He can be reached at bpn_krk@hotmail.com

Bishnu Parajuli is a undergraduate student of Industrial Engineering at Institute of Engineering, Thapathali Campus and the President of Society of Industrial Engineering Students – Nepal. He can be reached bishnu.parajuli13@gmail.com.

As Published in : http://www.sajhapost.com/2017/01/11/58081.html

Himalayan Consensus Summit 2016 : Resilience, Readiness & Response

 

1236902_1020025281419497_4354561951173784933_n

About Himalayan Consensus Summit

                      The Himalayan Consensus is a holistic development paradigm that emphasizes the integrity of planetary eco-systems as an indispensable basis for socio-economic development in the Himalayas region. The agenda of HCS program is to design and create sustainable alternative solutions based on grass root and alternative efforts being developed.

                   The Himalayan Consensus Summit aims at looking over the 2,500 km’s range covering different political boundaries that face common challenges, especially in the context of access of natural resources and capital, disaster mitigation for natural and human induced disasters, and preparedness. The 2015 Nepal Earthquake as well as the economic crisis in particular has focused urgency upon this process and it is critical to examine how future disasters and and conflicts can be prevented with economic systems relevant to the region.

Day 1

Session 1

Shaking up the status Quo: Searching for a New Paradigm

                 The Himalayan region has always seen replication of economic development models that are not tailor made to the availability of resources, topography and ecology. For instance planning of towns in the hills have been designed replicating plans of urban cities in the plains. The impact of natural disaster and the proliferation of disasters like landslides e.t.c have been a result of not looking at creative and new models tailor made to the unique Himalayan context. This session will brought together practitioners who shared their perspectives on what went wrong, and shared new lessons to look at development in the Himalayas.

Speakers:

Christian Manhart, UNESCO Representative to Nepal

How Man Wong, President at China Exploration and Research Society

Sarosh Pradhan, Principal Architect, Sarosh Pradhan and Associates

Moderator: Aunohita Mojumdar, Editor Himal South Asian

Session 2

Economics with Planetary Integrity

                 The future of the region depends on the availability of natural resources. While this seems like an obvious statement, this session focused on understanding more intricately the supply side of natural resources i.e the impact of climate change, food security, climate disruption and various other issues that has direct bearing on the future of the Himalayas.

Speaker:

Arnico Panday, Senior Atmospheric Scientist, ICIMOD

Mats Eriksson, Director at Stockholm International Water Institutes

Sun Lizhou, Executive Director & Assistant Professor at Himalaya Institutes

Moderator :

Laurence Brahm, Founder at Himalyan Consensus

Day 2

9198_1020119781410047_6574613276644238147_nSession 3

Compassionate Capital and Conscientious Consumption

                 As a sequel to understanding the supply side in previous sessions, this session brought forward as understanding of the various facets of consumption patterns including energy, and the way in which financial capital is deployed, as well as innovation in these areas.

Speakers:

Celine Cousteau, French-American Filmmaker and Designer

Ryan Nadeau, Director of Special Projects at Galvanize Inc

Sumana Shrestha, Founder of Carpool Kathmandu, MBA graduate from MIT Solan

Moderator:

Sujeev Shakya, Chair at Nepal Economic Forum

Session 4

Rebuilding the new Himalayas

                         This session discussed issues relating to governance and institutional structures and understanding the multi-pronged strategies required to rebuild after natural as well as economic disasters. The session reflected upon varied perspectives based on experiences of working in the Himalayan region, and will provide a framework of thoughts on what government and institutions have done, and it would need to do.

Speakers:

Anne Freenstra, Dean, Faculty of Architecture at Cept University

Li Lin, Program Executive Director at WWF China

Mahendra Lama, Professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University

Khampa Tshering, Media and Business Consultant

Moderator:

Suman Shakya, Managing Director, One Planet Solution

Session 5

New Financial Architecture

                      The Himalayan Consensus as an economic paradigm was keen to explore innovation and emergence of new institutions that provides financial capital and access to finance. Speakers working in diverse areas related to the financial architecture set the stage to ideate on new architecture that would provide the engine of growth to accelerate the pace of economic development.

Speakers:

Renaud Meyer, Country Director at UNDP Nepal

Eckart Roth, Chief Risk Officer and Co-Founder, Peak Re

Sashin Joshi, CEO at Nabil Bank

Tim Gocher, CEO and Founder at Dolma Impact Fund

Moderator:

Del Christensen, Chief of Global Business Development at Bay Area Council

Session 6

Himalayan Institutions:The New Paradigm

                   This session provided a platform for speakers from diverse institutions working on grass root and home grown institutions to share their innovation and provided a perspective to what they think are some of the new ways in which institutions would and should go through the transformation.

Speakers:

Ajaya Dixit, Executive Director, ISET – Nepal

Narayan Dhakal, Executive Director of Eco-Himal

Shruti Nada Podar, Founder at Shruti Foundation

Moderator:

Arpita Nepal, Co-Founder and Director at Samridhi

My Learning as Participant & Volunteer

                       For successful initiation, implementation and completion of grass root project following parameters are most:

– Participation of Local people and local stake holder

Prioritizing of utilization of Local Resources

– Main agenda should be of Local Development and Enhancement

– Accountability of involved partners, local authority and people

                            When we roam around looking for out of box solution, it just lies between the boxes. The importance data collection, storage and sharing should be of prime focus. There should be cross-border or data sharing should not be hindered by regional or national boundaries. As climate change is problem of all so solution and accountability for saving shall be common agenda across trans-Himalayan region. While carrying developmental works it should be inclusive, leveraging and incorporate all sector of society. Things do work but they require time. Private institutions should not be in safe play and risk aversion game. They should challenge present status quo creating significance values in problem solving and creating opportunities. Failure should be accepted as good lessons not act of shame. The problem does not limits on awareness but inability of action due to fear of failure.

                    The prime focus should be in 3C’s Capital, Curriculum and Community. The idea is ok but real challenge is to turn it as real product. We do not have proper mechanism, infrastructures to generate specific products and problem is with poor representation of products. We ought to remember “ How important failure is ?” Failure should not be taken as full stop. Its falling, improving & improvising again and again for creating success story.

There must be better way for story telling getting voice heard. Only true examples can change mind.There should be open, enough source to provide information to people. We should generate story in different way. Corporation should not seek only product but story as customer/audience wants better values for which they do not hesitate to pay premium amount. People can actually create story if they have pre-existing passion and they love work they are doing. A lot to do with word of mouth and oral story has more importance.

                        The development should not be subsidy or donor free fund driven but market driven. They shall be carried out in form of business ventures who not only solve local problem but also generates socio-economic values. There should be involvement of angel society network, venture capitalist, financial institutions who equip people for creating business driven market rather donor one. The creation virtual entrepreneur might help for startups as they can provide insight about whole entrepreneur eco-system. Government gives money to experts and mentor people to run business. The early startup needs incubator and market penetration for successful running.

                                The Himalayas should not be land for finding spirituality or escaping from bad Karma. The himalayas is head and development work have been carried out by decision by body i.e lower regions. But here begins paradigm shift, Himalayas will be making decision for Himalayas.There has to be open space for political, economic, social and cultural discourse. There should be holistic dialogue on policy gap. Participation, Ownership, Sustainability of any project or business should be taken care realizing and fulfilling community aspiration. Saving and promoting local art, crafts and hand made items should be done.Local skills should be saved. Local people should be motivated to sell goods with values encompassing local art and culture. Generation of values for skill rather then materialistic things. Creating business opportunities and making government aware protecting indigenous values of any locality. Galvanizing local artist reviving traditional knowledge and formation of informal community to formal one.

Consensus building

                            The HCS 2016 ends with high notes of creating Himalayan Fund for renewable energy, funds for promoting cultural and heritage sites as business opportunities, intense writing of essay’s and articles about intellectuality of discussions , film and documentary about whole process. To protect ancient ideas, turning them into action, community empowerment, creating cluster of self sustaining business promoting and protecting ethnic values and culture of locality. Idea Transformation. Finding Sambala Mandala – Shangri la.

Note of Thanks

                           I am so glad and happy to be part of Himalayan Consensus Summit – 2016 as volunteer and participant. Obviously I owe debts for organizing institutions: Himalayan Consensus Institutes (Laurence Brahm) and Nepal Economic Forum & Beed Management (Sujeev Shakya). It was great to meet and have discussions with role modelv : Sujeev Shakya, really you are much more motivating and inspiring than heard. Thanks Shayasta Tuladhar and Tejaswee Shrestha for letting me in as volunteer. Hope I was able to reach the parameters of volunteer. It was great to catch up with amazing people Kashu Dhakhwa, Sudip Bhaju, Subrina Shrestha, Shikshya Gyawali, Askhov Shakya, Tejeswi Nath Bhattarai, Samina Marjhan, Chirag Kansakar and Krinisha Shrestha. You guys rock. Keep up with awesome work.

8770_1016854311736594_4408160925677850757_n

Cheers.

Date: March 17 and 18, 2016 Hotel Himalaya,  Kathmandu Nepal

All right reserved to Himalayan Consensus, Beeds Management Pvt. Ltd. and Nepal Economic Forum.