A walk to Remember: Journey to Listhikot VDC (Chang Ching Village)

                     Travel is one of best way to learn things and explore beyond comfort zone. The less travelled road, after major Earthquake Nepal 2015, left Araniko Highway connecting Kodari to Kathmandu sees fewer commuters. After postponing my trip to Listhikot VDC for several times due to roadblock, it was finally decided to pack bag and hit the highway. After 5 hours of bus ride from Old bus park of Kathmandu we reached Barabise around 5:30pm in evening. As heavy and daily rainfall had brought several landslides blocking road access to Listhikot. So we decided to pursue journey following day hoping roadblock will be clear next day.

                  Ironically there was heavy downpour last night, which completely ruined our plan to travel by bus. We planned to go via any vehicle to Nayapool and then hitchhike uphill to Chang Ching (a village among several village of Listhikot VDC). It was early morning so there was less chance of getting any vehicle, as vehicle plying had reduced significantly after closure of Lasha border. We asked lift for every passing vehicle finally our luck turned out, we got lift from a truck-carrying quarry for ongoing hydropower project at Chaku. (Middle Bhotekoshi Hydropower Project) After an hour journey we reached at Nayapool at 7:00 am. We passed through Nayapool, a spot for bungee jumping and other various adventurous activities hosted by The Last Resort.

                       The uphill journey through fallen houses, temporary shelter of people and terrible sheds for animal brought chill on us. It felt like no presence of any authority or government in vicinity. The uphill walk made us so exhausted we had to make several stops and we ran out of water, which made journey more arduous. The steep hill, heat of sun and lack of water made walk difficult. After 3 hours of walk we reached first house of uphill village. We asked for water, owner of house very generously provided clean water (filtered water) for drinking. He expressed his grievances after earthquake, the losses and tragedies he had to go through.

                 Personally I found him quite traumatic and his odd behavior expressed those fear and anxiety. He said still he couldn’t sleep inside his house at night so generally he prefers sleeping in open space at smooth surface in uphill area. There have been repeated landslides, fracturing of land mass and majority of water sprouts around village area have been dried up. We could witness his saying when we roamed around village.

                     After few minutes walk from his house we reached our final destination Chang Ching village. The main aim was to inspect community kitchen made in Buddhist Gumba for approval of budget from government as fellow traveller was appointed as Civil Engineer in charge for re construction and rehabilitation in Listhi VDC. The journey provided very insightful things, difficulties at grass root level and presence of resentment about state. It came to light people are affected more as there is no income as Lasha border is closed as working as seller or vendor and purchasing daily goods for livelihood. Now they do not have proper shelter to live in, jobs to work and are purchasing Indian goods at higher rate.

                   This journey made me realized ground reality of many Nepalese life from ground zero up.


Resilient Animal Shelter


                Livestock has been integral part of Nepalese economy. The rearing of animal is one of major occupation of people and main source of income throughout Nepal. The recent earthquake not only took lives and property of human. It equally killed and displaced thousands of animals. There has been co-ordination, co-operation and action for re-construction of people’s house but less thought is given on condition and re-furnishing of animal shelters. Not only animals related products were jeopardize but also indirect impacts on bio gas plant and organic manure forming was left in limbo.

            The earthquake affected livestock rearing to a great extent. Livestock Farmers suffered considerable loss of livestock, mostly due to collapsed housing structures On the one hand large numbers of livestock perished, and on the other animal shelters and marketing channels were destroyed. Unable to look after the animals while residing in temporary shelters, many people had to abandon their livestock, especially cattle, buffalo, goats, pigs and poultry in areas affected. This problem is particularly acute in area where quake hit badly. The government estimated a loss of 53,369 heads of livestock due to the earthquake. In financial terms, this translates into Rs 14 billion but the Government of Nepal has not allotted a penny to compensate this loss.

Loss of livestock due to Earthquake

Name                                  Numbers

Cattle / Buffalo                  16,484

Goat/sheep/pigs                  36,885

Poultry                                    4, 60,805

               The Post Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNA) indicated a total loss of $284 million in this sector, of which the livestock sub-sector accounted for $101 million.

Our Project

                    The project plans to build cost effective smart cowshed without compromising quality of shed. Then followed by awareness campaign about animal care, sanitation and basic use of veterinary service will be used for capacity building of local considering gender equity.The use of integrated bio-gas plant with toilet waste formation of organic manure followed by organic farming will be encourage as sister program.

The Recovery Strategy

                          Animals continue to live in open space. To ensure a quick recovery, families require support to protect the health and wellbeing of livestock. Without support, these economic losses will be devastating to families who have already in economic shock.

Goal of Project

                The main and only goal of the project is to construct the livestock shed, improve animal welfare condition, control livestock diseases and increased productivity of crop-livestock integrated farming.

Project Activities 

               Resilient Animal Shelter will be launched as a major to livelihoods in Earthquake affected areas of Nepal through livestock and to build up the capacity of the local animal health service providers to work in sustainable manner.

The main objectives of the program are following:

1. Reconstruction/rehabilitation of Livestock infrastructure, such as animal shelters

2. To aware and encourage the farmers about animal welfare.

3. To aware the farmers about balanced feeding for livestock.

4. To aware the farmers about compost manure and organic farming.

5. To aware the farmers about clean and hygienic milk production.

Project Activities

The following activities will be carried out to achieve the objectives of the program.

1. Demonstration and construction of seismic resistance Livestock shed.

2. Veterinary training to promote treatment skills.

3 Coordination meeting with VDC level stakeholders

4. Interaction workshops.

5. Onsite training on clean milk production and compost manure preparation.

Project Location

                   The piloting of project will be done on small locality of Kavre (Chadani Village) in first phase where its efficiency, endurance and benefits will be evaluated and best practice will be replicated in other possible area. Chandeni, it is rural (or semi-urban) and farming / livestock management is still crucial to the local economy. The area was also very heavily affected by the earthquake.

Project Duration

                        The formal involvement in this project will just be for the two months, but embedded into the planning and organization is that the program would be able to continue maintaining sustainability and long term impacts.

FINANCING of Project 

                 The financing of project will be done by crowd funding. The crowd funding page is being currently launched at generosity. 

                   Help out!

 Give to Resilient Animal Shelter

Hydraulic Ram Pump : Zero Energy Solution


               The hydram is an automatic pumping device powered by falling water. The hydram uses a large amount of water falling through a small height, to lift a small amount of that water to a much greater height.

                 Each cycle happens very quickly, about 60 times a minute or once a second (although the cycle can be between about 30 and 120 times a minute). Since the cycle happens very quickly it is easiest to explain how it works by looking at the four stages:


                        When the waste valve is open, water flows down the drive pipe and comes out the open valve. The water flowing past the open valve drags past it, trying to close it. The flow down the drive pipe through the impulse valve gets accelerates. As it gets faster, it drags harder on the valve until it is strong enough to drag it closed.


                         When the waste valve closes, the water flowing down the drive pipe cannot escape through it. At the moment valve closes, the water is travels very fast and suddenly it has nowhere to go. As the water increased speed, it gains momentum. Since the water cannot escape, the momentum changes to pressure-energy and the water in the pump body compresses. This leads to a sudden rise in pressure, called a “water hammer”. The water pressure rises to a much higher level that the pressure in the pump’s air chamber.


                        Because the pressure rises higher than the pressure in the air vessel, the delivery valve is pushed open and water flows through it. The pressure in the pump body drops quickly to equal the pressure in the air vessel. The water coming down the drive pipe slows down and the pressure in the pump body drops. As soon as the pressure falls enough to be lower than the pressure in the pump’s air vessel, the delivery valve closes. The delivery valve is a one-way valve, which stops water flowing back from the air vessel into the pump.


                              When the delivery valve closes, there is still some pressure in the pump body and drive pipe. The valves in the pump are closed, so the only direction in which the water can move is back the way it came. The water coming down the drive pipe has stopped, so the pressure energy can be released by moving back up the drive pipe. The water in the pump body bouncing back makes the pressure in the pump body fall low enough for the waste valve to reopen. The waste valve reopens because of its own weight. The low pressure in the pump body means that a small amount of air is sucked in through the snifter valve. This air waits under the delivery valve until the next cycle when it will get pushed into the pump’s air vessel. This makes sure that the air vessel always stays full of air.

                                    Figure. Ram Pump Installation at Badegaun, Godawari

                        During each pumping cycle only a small amount of water is pumped. Most of the momentum harvested from a large amount of water is transferred into a small amount of water. The high pressure in the pump body pushes water through the delivery valve and into the air vessel. It provides the power to push the small amount of water much farther uphill than the big amount of water fall downhill.

                        While a hydram is working, water flows out of the waste valve. This happens during the ‘acceleration’ stage of each pump cycle. It is the noise of the “water hammer”, the splashing of water, and the closing of the waste valve that people notice when they see a working hydram. The noise varies from pump to pump. The water leaving the waste valve is often called ‘waste’ water. Although ‘waste’ water is not delivered by the hydram it is the movement-energy harvested from this water that pumps the water that is delivered. A better name for ‘waste’ water would be ‘used’ water.

                                     Figure. Ram Pump Installation at Badegaun, Godawari

Components Of A Hydram And Their Functions

  1. Intake: structure at source that diverts flow of water to the hydram system;
  2. Feed pipe or canal: delivers water from the source to the drive tank;
  3. Drive tank: provides storage to ensure a constant flow to the hydram and removes sediment from the water;
  4. Drive pipe: feeds water to the hydram;
  5. Hydram: pump unit that delivers a small amount of the drive flow to the delivery pipe;
  6. Pump house: to protect the pump and fittings from accidental damage or theft;
  7. Delivery pipe: delivers water from the hydram to the delivery tank;
  8. Delivery tank or pond: stores the water pumped by the hydram. Can be a cement based structure or a lined pond;
  9. Distribution system: distributes water to the users. Piping can take water to households, tap-stands or fields.

Starting a pump

                Although ram pumps often start very easily they can require a little coaxing particularly the first time that they are run. Procedure varies according to drive head in the system with large drive head requiring extra care to starts a pump.

  1. Open the waste vale fairly quickly.
  2. Water will flow out through the open waste valve until it suddenly shuts.
  3. If waste valve automatically reopens, the pumps should continue to run on its own. Some time you need to reopens the waste valve until it creates delivery head.
  4. If waste valve does not reopen automatically for long time, you must prime the delivery system manually by filling the delivery pipe until sufficient delivery head is available for the pump to operate.

    Figure. Installed Ram Pump at Dhungkharkha, Kavre

Source: Centre for Rural Technology/Nepal(CRT/N). All right reserved to CRT/N.