Resilient Animal Shelter

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                Livestock has been integral part of Nepalese economy. The rearing of animal is one of major occupation of people and main source of income throughout Nepal. The recent earthquake not only took lives and property of human. It equally killed and displaced thousands of animals. There has been co-ordination, co-operation and action for re-construction of people’s house but less thought is given on condition and re-furnishing of animal shelters. Not only animals related products were jeopardize but also indirect impacts on bio gas plant and organic manure forming was left in limbo.

            The earthquake affected livestock rearing to a great extent. Livestock Farmers suffered considerable loss of livestock, mostly due to collapsed housing structures On the one hand large numbers of livestock perished, and on the other animal shelters and marketing channels were destroyed. Unable to look after the animals while residing in temporary shelters, many people had to abandon their livestock, especially cattle, buffalo, goats, pigs and poultry in areas affected. This problem is particularly acute in area where quake hit badly. The government estimated a loss of 53,369 heads of livestock due to the earthquake. In financial terms, this translates into Rs 14 billion but the Government of Nepal has not allotted a penny to compensate this loss.

Loss of livestock due to Earthquake

Name                                  Numbers

Cattle / Buffalo                  16,484

Goat/sheep/pigs                  36,885

Poultry                                    4, 60,805

               The Post Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNA) indicated a total loss of $284 million in this sector, of which the livestock sub-sector accounted for $101 million.

Our Project

                    The project plans to build cost effective smart cowshed without compromising quality of shed. Then followed by awareness campaign about animal care, sanitation and basic use of veterinary service will be used for capacity building of local considering gender equity.The use of integrated bio-gas plant with toilet waste formation of organic manure followed by organic farming will be encourage as sister program.

The Recovery Strategy

                          Animals continue to live in open space. To ensure a quick recovery, families require support to protect the health and wellbeing of livestock. Without support, these economic losses will be devastating to families who have already in economic shock.

Goal of Project

                The main and only goal of the project is to construct the livestock shed, improve animal welfare condition, control livestock diseases and increased productivity of crop-livestock integrated farming.

Project Activities 

               Resilient Animal Shelter will be launched as a major to livelihoods in Earthquake affected areas of Nepal through livestock and to build up the capacity of the local animal health service providers to work in sustainable manner.

The main objectives of the program are following:

1. Reconstruction/rehabilitation of Livestock infrastructure, such as animal shelters

2. To aware and encourage the farmers about animal welfare.

3. To aware the farmers about balanced feeding for livestock.

4. To aware the farmers about compost manure and organic farming.

5. To aware the farmers about clean and hygienic milk production.

Project Activities

The following activities will be carried out to achieve the objectives of the program.

1. Demonstration and construction of seismic resistance Livestock shed.

2. Veterinary training to promote treatment skills.

3 Coordination meeting with VDC level stakeholders

4. Interaction workshops.

5. Onsite training on clean milk production and compost manure preparation.

Project Location

                   The piloting of project will be done on small locality of Kavre (Chadani Village) in first phase where its efficiency, endurance and benefits will be evaluated and best practice will be replicated in other possible area. Chandeni, it is rural (or semi-urban) and farming / livestock management is still crucial to the local economy. The area was also very heavily affected by the earthquake.

Project Duration

                        The formal involvement in this project will just be for the two months, but embedded into the planning and organization is that the program would be able to continue maintaining sustainability and long term impacts.

FINANCING of Project 

                 The financing of project will be done by crowd funding. The crowd funding page is being currently launched at generosity. 

                   Help out!

 Give to Resilient Animal Shelter

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Hydraulic Ram Pump : Zero Energy Solution

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               The hydram is an automatic pumping device powered by falling water. The hydram uses a large amount of water falling through a small height, to lift a small amount of that water to a much greater height.

                 Each cycle happens very quickly, about 60 times a minute or once a second (although the cycle can be between about 30 and 120 times a minute). Since the cycle happens very quickly it is easiest to explain how it works by looking at the four stages:

Acceleration

                        When the waste valve is open, water flows down the drive pipe and comes out the open valve. The water flowing past the open valve drags past it, trying to close it. The flow down the drive pipe through the impulse valve gets accelerates. As it gets faster, it drags harder on the valve until it is strong enough to drag it closed.

Compression

                         When the waste valve closes, the water flowing down the drive pipe cannot escape through it. At the moment valve closes, the water is travels very fast and suddenly it has nowhere to go. As the water increased speed, it gains momentum. Since the water cannot escape, the momentum changes to pressure-energy and the water in the pump body compresses. This leads to a sudden rise in pressure, called a “water hammer”. The water pressure rises to a much higher level that the pressure in the pump’s air chamber.

Delivery

                        Because the pressure rises higher than the pressure in the air vessel, the delivery valve is pushed open and water flows through it. The pressure in the pump body drops quickly to equal the pressure in the air vessel. The water coming down the drive pipe slows down and the pressure in the pump body drops. As soon as the pressure falls enough to be lower than the pressure in the pump’s air vessel, the delivery valve closes. The delivery valve is a one-way valve, which stops water flowing back from the air vessel into the pump.

Recoil

                              When the delivery valve closes, there is still some pressure in the pump body and drive pipe. The valves in the pump are closed, so the only direction in which the water can move is back the way it came. The water coming down the drive pipe has stopped, so the pressure energy can be released by moving back up the drive pipe. The water in the pump body bouncing back makes the pressure in the pump body fall low enough for the waste valve to reopen. The waste valve reopens because of its own weight. The low pressure in the pump body means that a small amount of air is sucked in through the snifter valve. This air waits under the delivery valve until the next cycle when it will get pushed into the pump’s air vessel. This makes sure that the air vessel always stays full of air.

                                    Figure. Ram Pump Installation at Badegaun, Godawari

                        During each pumping cycle only a small amount of water is pumped. Most of the momentum harvested from a large amount of water is transferred into a small amount of water. The high pressure in the pump body pushes water through the delivery valve and into the air vessel. It provides the power to push the small amount of water much farther uphill than the big amount of water fall downhill.

                        While a hydram is working, water flows out of the waste valve. This happens during the ‘acceleration’ stage of each pump cycle. It is the noise of the “water hammer”, the splashing of water, and the closing of the waste valve that people notice when they see a working hydram. The noise varies from pump to pump. The water leaving the waste valve is often called ‘waste’ water. Although ‘waste’ water is not delivered by the hydram it is the movement-energy harvested from this water that pumps the water that is delivered. A better name for ‘waste’ water would be ‘used’ water.

                                     Figure. Ram Pump Installation at Badegaun, Godawari

Components Of A Hydram And Their Functions

  1. Intake: structure at source that diverts flow of water to the hydram system;
  2. Feed pipe or canal: delivers water from the source to the drive tank;
  3. Drive tank: provides storage to ensure a constant flow to the hydram and removes sediment from the water;
  4. Drive pipe: feeds water to the hydram;
  5. Hydram: pump unit that delivers a small amount of the drive flow to the delivery pipe;
  6. Pump house: to protect the pump and fittings from accidental damage or theft;
  7. Delivery pipe: delivers water from the hydram to the delivery tank;
  8. Delivery tank or pond: stores the water pumped by the hydram. Can be a cement based structure or a lined pond;
  9. Distribution system: distributes water to the users. Piping can take water to households, tap-stands or fields.

Starting a pump

                Although ram pumps often start very easily they can require a little coaxing particularly the first time that they are run. Procedure varies according to drive head in the system with large drive head requiring extra care to starts a pump.

  1. Open the waste vale fairly quickly.
  2. Water will flow out through the open waste valve until it suddenly shuts.
  3. If waste valve automatically reopens, the pumps should continue to run on its own. Some time you need to reopens the waste valve until it creates delivery head.
  4. If waste valve does not reopen automatically for long time, you must prime the delivery system manually by filling the delivery pipe until sufficient delivery head is available for the pump to operate.

    Figure. Installed Ram Pump at Dhungkharkha, Kavre

Source: Centre for Rural Technology/Nepal(CRT/N). All right reserved to CRT/N.

Solar Training and Capacity Building : Power to the People

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                                    March 29, 2016 Before dawn of warm and fuzzy morning I woke with sharp shrill of mobile alarm at 5:00 am. As it was planned to meet at 5:45 am at Old Bus Park to move into another adventurous travel on off load leading to Dhunkharka, Kavre. The bus ride from Old bus park took us to Panauti via Bhaktapur, Sangha, Banepa. The real journey began from here accompanied by Mr. Subash Lamichane and Mr. Kancha Tamang. The 14km dusty, bumpy, narrow and scary road begun from Panauti steadily uphill climb in bus cramped with people, animals (chickens), kids crying, people yelling at each other. It was perfect like Hindi film melodrama at bus. Irony was that we were not able to get any seat through out two hours ride. Even within bus we had to wear mask and continuous shake up really made me tired. But internal motivation to go there and help people to sort things out, teach them, connect them to more reliable energy was continuously pushing me up.

                                        After travel of 2 hours we reached Dhunkharka. The bus stop was on top of hill to reach to our destination we had to go downhill and again uphill. The slow down hill walk began interacting with each other knowing about peculiar things about location. It was good to be back on hills among tress, clam and serene country side where nothing bothers you except cool breeze, birds chirp and perennial flow of river. I encountered various rural technology like water mill, hydraulic ramjet pump, fodder cutting machine, solar system. The very delicious meal was waiting for us, prepared from organic vegetables, grains crushed from water mills, cooked in improved cooking stove, rice grown in nearby fields. This was perfect amalgamation of technology with rural livelihood.

                       The training sessions began at 11:00 am. The 22 owners of solar system were present in upper floor of cowshed. It was great to see energy and enthusiasm in people. The training started with introduction of speakers and participants. The training was planned for 2 hours and following topics were discussed:

  • The initial session explained about what is renewable energy, Solar as renewable energy.

  • Participants were introduced about solar system and its components like Panel, Battery, Charge Controller and Load.

  • Installation do how and safety handling was demonstrated with system present on the location.

  • Various Procedure for Repair and Maintenance were provided.

  • Specific care handling, minor damage and quick repair locally was provided about battery, charge controller and loads.

  • Final solar power use calculation was done and how much load people can use with technology given to them was shown.

Training Outcomes

                          The people have been following malpractice about solar system handling. The solar panel were hung as photo frame in walls, no safety precaution were taken, people were brining in & out panels in rains, their perception was heat generated more power than light. About training accomplishment participants got chance to learn about each components of solar system. They are now able to assemble and dis-assemble the system on their own. The standard parameters like facing panels on south direction, keeping panels at 30/45 degrees, keeping battery far from heat source, use of loads according to power generation, sustainability of battery system, various light symbols and their meanings present on charge controller, minor repairs was provided. Overall looking after longevity of solar system with efficient use was provided.

                  After completion of training we visited two hydraulic pump operation at Chanaute and Ladkhu. We learned about bio-char preparation, its use.

                           The return was one of the most memorable journey of my life. The last seat of bus squeezed between a women with child and old grand pa. The lady by side was vomiting throughout journey while grand pa was drunk, mumbling and fumbling with words and directions. The smell from both side was killing me, as I sat contemplating about life. I endured situation, just invigorated into circumstance.

                                              This was one of my life awakening journey. What surprised me was humbleness and subtlety of people. Obviously they are cutoff from mainstream media attention still they are happy to be living there. There are numerous challenges but somehow they have managed to be living well. I hope to see better road access, sustainable clean energy supply, educational facilities, better health facilities and access to ICT be within their reach. The natural serenity shall not be disturbed, only right technology along with nature can develop Dhunkharkha.

Pani Ghatta : A Grinding Machine

                       Water mill is one of the clean and appropriate technology for grinding at local level. The most of part of Nepal still remains far from electric grid connection. The rural electrification has been catch word just to remain safely in vaults of Planning commissions.. Nepal faces one of the longest hour of blackouts as energy crunch nation we are struggling with basic right to energy access. The geographical terrain, improper settlements of housing system, challenges of hindrances on scenic beauty and landscape as tourism being one of major attraction, losses on transmission lines might be counter acting such kinda of electrification initiative.

                       The appropriate technology is recognizing need of local people, meeting their aspirations and bringing them one step closer to energy access. There is flow of water from higher hills to lower plains. Here gravity does most of the work. The Kinetic energy of water can be directly used for generating energy. Traditionally we have been harnessing such energy through water mill. Still today lots of people in rural areas are highly dependent on traditional water mill for grinding all required household goods such as flour, rice, wheat, spices and also oil in some cases.

Working Mechanism:

                       The water from head of 20m or above is brought in open or closed conduit. Traditionally wooden blades are used as turbine on which water jets are strike upon, jets rotates the bigger wheel mounted on smaller wheel. There is continuos feed of grains in between grinds into finer particles.

A story form DhunKharkha, Kavre

                           The village has perennial source of water, water mill is located near river close to the source of water. The villagers have been using water mill for grinding their grains. It was happy to encounter old mother who was grinding her maize on mill. She was so delighted to use it, as it has reduced efforts and time that people used to devote for grinding in traditional way. She explained although she is weak and fragile, she can help her family in some way. The use of water mill popularly known as pani ghatta is free to use. The opening and closing is as simple with supplying and cutting off water supply to mill. She is happy and proud user of water mill.

                                 This is what appropriate and proper technology can transform rural life. Helps in bridging gap in energy and technology use.

Journey form Training to Trainer : As Light of Hope Continues

                           

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                      Energy has been one of the basic requirement of human beings. The traditional use of fossil fuel is gradually shifting with advent of cleaner and greener technology. And change in people perception and consciousness about climate impacts, global warming and green house effects. RAN (Robotics Association Nepal) is one of Nepal’s best institutions trying to promote technology for generating holistic relation between machine and human.

                             The #LIGHTOFHOPE is audacious project initiated by RAN with agenda to connect rural livelihood to basic energy use like lighting and charging system. The process is to connect rural and earthquake affected area to primary energy use. The deprivation of energy & energy crunch is not only hampering economic activities but education of students. So #lightofhope aims to bring back hope to people to re-start life. Everything is broken but there stands only hope that things will get better. #LightofHope tires to embolden resilience, empathy and provide strength to return to normal living for Nepalese people who are beyond electric grid connection.

                                The Shree Nawalpur Secondary School was place for solar training and distribution. The place being in vicinity of Melamchi, still lacked proper road and electric connection. The event was already planned and well arranged by local partner YUWA Nepal. Primary task was to train ninety student, equip them for repair & maintenance, and distribute 5W solar system with light and charging system. We could see curious, energetic and bold ninety students, school authority, local experts being in school. We were really glad despite public holiday of Saturday people were kind enough to show up. The main objective was to give introduction about renewable energy, detail about solar system, component of solar system, repair & maintenance and about how solar can good business opportunity.

                                      Personally there is great difference in being with the crowd and handling the crowd. Being in training helped me to learn and nurture self. I was always obliged and felt privileged to get such opportunities. This was time to pay back or simply spread good vibes for others. I tried as much as being basic about facts and in mean time holistic. The major point I was careful not to let voids between by talks and student listening. The sessions was quite interactive, reaching student asking them and they asking back their queries. I was able to reach their psyche to some extent inspire them to lead from grass root. It was amazing to teach, hear, learn and share among students. The latter solar as business opportunities was carried out by Binod Pangeni. This session was especially designed to promote business opportunities that can or comes with solar technology. The main idea behind this was to encourage student to find solution within country and to remind them there are possibilities as well as potentialities developing country and making money in Nepal.

                                                    The journey to and fro Sindhupalchowk was full of fun. It was great conversation with fellow travelers local resident Aunt who rose my curiosity about place, her experience after earthquake, how grateful she was to have young people like us helping them, the hardship they have been through, hope & resilience they had despite their homes were completely turned down, her future dream to rebuilt house. Thanks to volunteers from Australia and Germany for being here selflessly to be part of re-construction. It was great to catch up with you guys. Oh! Driver dai, your story and reasoning and loud music system made us inexhaustible throughout travel. It simply helped us to be cheerful. Many many thanks to Bikash Gurung dai for providing wonderful opportunity to actually go to different part and shade some knowledge I had. It was great to reach people in local level and empower them. #LightofHope continues for adding hope for rural livelihood and re-construction after earthquake, shading light raising people’s aspiration.

Cheers.

About Robotics Association Nepal.

Robotics Association of Nepal (RAN), is not-for-profit, non-governmental organization which is continuously working in the field of robotics and electronics automation since its establishment (2010). Each year we celebrate festival of art, science and technology “Yantra”. Robotics Association of Nepal has built a network of students RAN Representatives (RR).

Harbinger of Old Tire Re-use Project and Waste Value Generation

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Shree Jana Jyoti Secondary School, the model school typically located in mid-way from Sangha an Banepa with curious student and helpful faculties. This was first school where we wanted to implement our old tire gardening concept. ECCA facilitated and provided connection to school authority from where we took the lead, we first visited and inspected the site. We got very warm and positive response from school administration which further motivated us in our cause.

Initially we were planning to look after nearby workshop for old tires but could not materilize as size we were looking for gardening had to be of medium one. As school is located in highway so there was availiability of only large tires. The transportation of tire was a bit hectic and costly, as we had to take it from Kathmandu. But we managed to take it at reasonable rate despite acute fuel shortage.

Everything was well planned and co-ordinated beforehand. We departed at 6:30 am from Balaju area, picked up all members and volunteers from Industrial Engineering Student Society. (Bishnu Parajuli, Pradip Bista, Kshitz ). We reached school around 8:00 am in school premises. The energy and enthusiam kept us warm despite severe cold. We started washing tires, as water tank was on roof of school building it was hard to blow through mouth to pipe it out.(Nepali way) It took nearly a hour for washing tires, which were neat and clean by then.

This was challenge for all of us, as we really wanted to make whole this event neat and clean. After breakfast at nearby Cafe (which was amazing Bread Toast with Kuwa followed by Coffee), we inspected sites for placing tires. The stacked tires were supposed to placed around compound of school where as single tire was to be placed on roof top as roof top gardening.

The tires were artistically painted and dried up in sun. The stacked tire were tied up together by using gavinized iron wires, so that would not allow movement of upper tires with respect to lower one. We, along with student mixed up soil, ash, organic manure to make fillings for tire vase. As there was nursurey nearby owned by one of committee member of school, he provided perinial, seasonal and indoor plants at subsized rate.

 

The athestically appealing painted tires were placed in various locations like in the rooftops, main gate ways, pheriphery of school. The tire garden not only generated value out of old tires but also pioneered/innovated re-purposing of same generating economic as well as environmnetal values. The process helped us to concrete ideas, and provided opportunity for learning and sharing. The members co-ordinated well with volunteer. In meantime volunteers reflected true and self less volunteerism for generating meaningful result.

About Volunteers

Three enthusiatic and hard working volunteer from industrial engineering society participated in the event. They were 2nd year student from Institute of Engineering, Thapathali Campus. We were so grateful to have them in the team.

Members Learning

Me, Sneha and Sunwi (TGG Mentees Under Mentorship of Anil Chitrakar) co-ordinated all activities. It was fun filled, equally challenging task with arduous manual labor. We learned about team co-ordination, role distribution, to give order & take orders, technicality involved in plantation like mixing of organic manure, ash, mud & information about various plant species, and their requirement for growth.

Benefits and Outcome

  • Positive vibes among school teachers, staffs and students with some different approach of gardening at school
  • Hands on learning for student and student participation in program boosted student morale for consversation and sustainability
  • School authority were glad to introduce unique gardening in school, new in the concept eqaully a logical solution to illogical problem
  • Management, Re-purposing of 4o tires somewhat helped in Carbon management in low scale
  • Plantation of flowers, plants increased greenery and environmental promotion to some extent
  • Inception and pioneering of tire gardening, begining of new era of approach for reuse, repurposing of old tires in Nepal

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    Note of Thanks

    Thank you ECCA for providing contact information and co-ordinating with school authority. Mr. Sadhu Ram Dahal (Principal), Nabaharaj Acharya (Chairperson),Vice-Principal, school committee, teachers, non-teaching staff (Didi and her son) , students worked along with us. We are in debt for their contribution, words are not enough for providing appreciation. And volunteers for their time and effort. The nursery owner for providing plants in so cheap rate as compared to market. And Cheers to team member for their dedication, hardwork and passionate work to make this happen.